|Monday, June 22|
Image-Mediated Place Attachment and Migration: The case of Japanese Anime pilgrimage tourists to Numazu, the city illustrated in Lovelive! Sunshine!!
Yuki Yokota, East Japan Railway Company, Japan
* Mizuho Ara, University of Tokyo, Japan
Yurika Yokoyama, University of Tokyo, Japan
In recent Japan, ‘Anime Pilgrimage’, where people visit illustrated sites of their favorite Anime, became extremely popular (Seaton and Yamamura, 2015). Numazu city, with population of 200,000, attracts over 70,000 young Anime fans per year and over 50 Anime fan migrated since 2016. A questionnaire survey and interviews are conducted to discuss how far the Anime fan pilgrims get attached to the illustrated places in Anime and how image driven pilgrimage leads to the migration. From 166 answers, it is suggested that there is the development from the sense of preference of the places, to the desire of living there, and then to the anxiety of conserving the places as they are forever. This development of place attachment accompanies the repetition of Anime fan pilgrimage to Numazu and about 55% of them visited more than 5 times by then. According to the correlation analysis, the relationships are also found between place attachment and either of the satisfaction at the visited places, interaction with the local community members, degree of love to the Anime piece, or enthusiasm of showing Anime related experiences on SNS. Further analysis on landscape preferences showed that, in this case, the pilgrimage Anime fans who are more interested in the city scape of shopping streets and cafes that physically show hospitality to the Anime fans, of which even some are under collaboration to the Anime tourism, are significantly more attached to Numazu city(p<.01). While those more interested in the beauty of famous natural landscapes drawn in the Anime are not. Then based on the interviews to 10 Anime fan migrants to Numazu city, the outline of the process from pilgrimage to migration is further discussed in detail.
Welcoming Church Spaces: Queer Inclusion in the Christian Church Building
* Taylor Mortorff, State University of New York at Buffalo, United States
The current socio-political climate in the U.S. has caused tension between Christian and queer communities. Social politics and the fight for gay rights has exacerbated the apparent conflicts. Church architecture is so far unresponsive to this socio-political shift, and queer, religious people are challenged with creating queer-friendly spiritual space in search of religious and sexual identity integration. What makes a spiritual space feel welcoming for queer and non-queer people? How can church design better foster a queer inclusive, community-based worship experience? These questions are first addressed through a three-part literature survey on welcoming spaces, queer spaces, and church spaces. Following the literature survey, focus groups and surveys are used to understand the queer perspective of Christian church spaces. Using photographs, participants are asked to rate church facades and interior features according to how welcoming they appear. Additionally, participants are asked to identify the factors that play a role in their decisions. The results of the research will be used to develop a design project to be completed by the time of the conference. Potential options for the project include the following: design a new church, renovate an existing church, modify a non-church structure to become a church, develop queer-inclusive church components, or create a book of design guidelines for queer-inclusive church design.
Review of Research on Immigration, Green Space, Acculturation and Place bonds
* Mohadeseh Mahmoudi, University of Alberta, Canada
Elizabeth Halpenny, University of Alberta, Canada
In the era of international migration, maintaining the quality of life of global cities’ residents despite the urban social and cultural diversity is very challenging. Studies show nature-based leisure like hiking, camping or having picnic in parks helps lots of immigrants to develop place attachment and integrate into the society (Peters, Stodolska & Horolets, 2016; Rishbeth & Powell, 2013), even though immigrants are under-represented in recreational use of green spaces (Buijs, Elands & Langers, 2009). While growing immigrants’ population in the future is predictable, there is still a small number of research that study immigration, green spaces and society (Kloek et al., 2013). We cannot find any comprehensive review or theoretical framework that shows all the factors involve in immigrants’ visitation of green spaces. To fill this gap, this study reviews the precedent literature on immigrants’ visitation of green spaces around the world, to find out what factors are the opportunities or constraints to immigrants’ green space visits and what are the outcomes. To achieve this aim, function of urban green space as leisure setting in immigrants’ adopted cities is reviewed and all the factors that facilitate immigrants’ visitation of urban green spaces, such as designing and programming inclusive environments, as well as constraints which limit their access or decrease the quality of their recreational experiences are identified. Additionally, the different concepts of place bond – e.g., place attachment, place belonging, sense of place - as the outcome of immigrants’ visitation of urban green spaces are elaborated. Finally, this review provides a table that shows what factors are examined in each study and draws a conceptual framework that indicates the opportunities and constraints to the visitation of urban green space experienced by immigrants and their outcomes.
Urban Design in Support of Intercultural Communities
* Viraji Bandara, University of Calgary , Canada
David Monteyne, University of Calgary, Canada
The basic premise of the intercultural city is to facilitate cooperative mixing between diverse populations as mixing can enhance social cohesion between people of different cultures. Public spaces within urban neighbourhoods have been identified as one area affecting the creation of intercultural communities. The main purpose of our research was to determine which design attributes support interactions among diverse populations, and how those design attributes can be used to promote intercultural communities. For the research, we selected the Varsity Courts of the University of Calgary as the case study. In this study, we conducted document analysis, observations and interviews as research Methods. Through the analysis, three main design attributes that support interactions among diverse populations were revealed. These are: removing barriers to providing safety and security, improving accessibility and visibility, and improving variety or multiplicity of uses within public spaces. The study methods also highlighted “providing play spaces” as a key design feature in supporting interactions among users of all age groups.