|Tuesday, June 23|
Shared housing: short-term living or alternative lifestyle?
* Nahyang Byun, Chungbuk National University, Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
In Korea, shared housing has been used as the background for programs and regarded as a significant issue in the mass media since 2014, thereby creating a hip or trendy impression among the younger generation of experiencing daily life in shared housing. This study begins with the question, shared housing in Korea is short-term living like shelter of alternative lifestyle for young adults? The purpose of the study is to diagnose the possibility of applying shared housing becoming an increasingly prevalent housing alternative, particularly for youths in Korea. Research methods included a literature review of paper and statistics conducted on the topic of shared housing and focus group interviews conducted with current residents of shared housing in 5 difference cities – Seoul, Gwangju, Daejeon, Daegu, and Busan. Results include the housing demands of young adults, importance of perception ‘home’, and sympathy of lifestyle among the peer group. The conclusion considers how the residents’ have satisfaction and experience in shared housing, and discuss criticism of precarious living versus potential of housing options.
Adolescent Development and the Built Environment: Generating Interdisciplinary Knowledge for Evidence-Informed Urban Design
* Alison Grittner, University of Calgary, Canada
Deinera Exner-Cortens, University of Calgary, Canada
How can the built environment support positive adolescent development? This research provides a comprehensive interdisciplinary examination of 21 pieces of research from the past decade - spanning the fields of geography, urban design, psychology, sociology, and social work – that interrogate the relationship between adolescent development and the built environment. The review identifies that the built environment can support positive adolescent development in the following domains: risk-taking, mental and physical well-being, identity development, self-regulation, academic success, and sociability. Built environment typologies supporting these areas of adolescent development include housing, city parks, public space in city centres, school environments, neighbourhood pedestrian realms, local libraries, recreation facilities, and public transportation systems. In generating interdisciplinary understandings of the connection between human development and the built environment, we can move towards designing and creating urban environments and place-making interventions that support positive adolescent development and lay the scaffolding for individual success throughout the life course. These findings demonstrate how social science research and urban design can partner to improve person-and-environment fit. Further, this research illustrates the importance of seeking innovative interdisciplinary partnerships to explicate and mobilize existing scholarship and create evidence-informed urban design. Forming these linkages highlights new trajectories for actionable person-and-environment research that embraces the socio-spatial dialectic, bridging the disciplinary gap between social science research and urban design.
Mobility and lifestyles among older adults: transitions and bifurcations in mobility strategies after retirement
* Michel Després, Laval University, Canada
The aging of the baby-boomer population (55-70-year-old) in Québec, Canada, is expected to be without compare with their parents’. In Québec, the Baby-boom generation (1945-1960) have lived their adult lives in a period characterized by a massive access to higher education, private property and mass consumption. More professionalized and more “connected” with mobile technologies than their elders, many baby-boomers are also expected to work for a longer time in their lifecycle. Furthermore, it is expected that numerous boomers will act as primary caregivers for both their old parents and adult children, although presenting themselves higher rates of obesity and chronic diseases than preceding generations. This situation raises questions, namely on the way these aging boomers will face mobility challenges in old age in comparison to their parents, according to their lifestyles and the socio-spatial context of their residential environment. Based on previous research in the metropolitan area of Montréal, baby-boomers appear to share similar lifestyles and mobility profiles as the previous generation. Using statistical analysis on spatial practices (n=153), four mobility profiles were identified among seniors and baby-boomers (Diversified, Dispersed, Engaged, Urban Multimodals), with a fifth being found only among seniors (Stay-at-home). The biographies and experience of mobility of individuals of each profiles were further explored using semi-structured interviews and go-along (n=27). While providing comprehensive information about person-environments relationships and mobility practices of baby-boomers and seniors (partly presented in previous IAPS conferences), the interviews also brought to light interesting elements regarding the change of mobility practices, the transitions, as well as the bifurcations some individuals have experienced over the years. Focusing on baby-boomers and seniors which changed mobility profiles over the years, preliminary results show different types of transitions and bifurcations experienced over the years, associated to health, residential relocation, change of aspirations and management of social times.
Re-use of empty buildings for ephemeral living spaces in cities
* Jaufret Barrot, Hors-pistes architectures, France
Confronted by a growing demand for housing in urban areas, sustainable living will require thinking differently about how we create more living spaces. Empty office spaces and unused, outdated real estate are ever-expanding in today’s urban areas. These unused spaces can be re-qualified and reused even for a few months. We will give the example of our project in France, the re-use of a public building—a former college dormitory—that has been empty since 2015. After only one month of renovation, we transformed the space into emergency housing for 220 people. This emergency housing was initially scheduled to close after 4 months, but the project has been a real success and has been extended for another 12 months. We will explain how this project was put into place quickly and inexpensively, thanks to our technical analysis of the building, security standards and urban planning. The success of this test operation is also linked to the implication of the social workers who took part in planning. Insuring quality-of-life for the residents of the building was at the heart of this project. The next step in this project will be the creation of a shared community-space on the ground floor of the building, which will be open to the entire neighborhood. We will also present how, by re-using this space, multiple problems are resolved; that of costs associated with the maintenance of an empty building, the need for housing by people in unstable situations, and the improvement of the neighborhood. Thinking differently about real estate use in urban areas is an urgent next step for the future. By finding compromise, we can fill the needs of people on both ends of the economic spectrum. By establishing quality ephemeral housing in unused buildings, cities move forward without costly development.