|Wednesday, June 24|
Its time to rethink the POE: Using Longitudinal Research Methods to Better Understand and Interpret Human-Environment Interactions
* Renae Rich, HDR, United States
Francesqca Jimenez, HDR, United States
It’s time to question our current models and assumptions about evaluating facilities. The term POE (post-occupancy evaluation) is frequently used in the context of assessing the success of architecture projects. Yet, definition, application, and dissemination of POEs varies widely. Early implementation of POE emerged alongside human-environment relations research, with the intent of informing the creation of buildings that meet the needs of the people who live, work, learn, and heal within them. Common practice recommends POE occur at least twelve months after construction and occupancy. However, facility evaluations can be conducted at any point in a building’s life cycle, and not necessarily as a part of an architectural project. The timing and scope of facility evaluations can and should vary. The design of a new or renovated facility often supports, or precipitates, change in user operations, behavior or culture. Pre or existing facility evaluations may optimize the design and planning processes to achieve organizational goals, advance strategic capital planning, and/or document baseline occupant experience in a current facility. While a comparative pre/post study using data collected at only two points in time is informative, it does not fully capture the story of change in occupant experience across time and may even lead to inaccurate conclusions. Rather, collecting longitudinal data, or completing multiple evaluations over time, followed by appropriate time-dependent analyses provides a deeper understanding of the trends and may even indicate whether any difference in outcomes can reasonably be attributed to the facility change. Examples will illustrate the conflicting conclusions that could be reached in a longitudinal approach to people-environment research compared to the typical pre/post methodology. Facility evaluation results form the basis for future design decisions and should be collected and analyzed at the most granular level possible for appropriate application and accurate interpretation of the human-environment fit.
Research on Indoor Environment of Outpatient Department of Smart general Hospital Based on User Needs
* Mengqi Li, Tongji University, China
Leiquig Xu, Tongji University, China
With the close integration of the Internet and the medical field, more and more general hospitals are advocating the Internet medical model to speed up the convenience of medical treatment. Online intelligent procedures are implemented on the network machines in the outpatient department of the general hospital. However, many uncomfortable experiences appear during the transformation process, Meeting the comprehensive needs of users (patients, escorts) is a basic requirement for upgrading the indoor environment of outpatient departments. In order to understand the needs of users in the hospital, a total of 390 valid questionnaires were collected for patients and escorts, and field surveys were conducted in five general hospitals. Through the methods of questionnaire , follow-up observation and interviews, the common needs and special needs of the users were analyzed and summarized.The research results show that the common needs of users are medical guidance, of which 39.39% of users believe more in staff when they are lost; the need for reducing time, 90.91% of patients want less than 60 minutes of medical processes; and the need to distract during waiting period, 87.04% of users want to kill time by playing mobile phones, reading books and exhibition boards,and chatting with others. In addition, the special needs include the need for individual space, the need for rehabilitation landscape, and the need for self-help operation guidance. The common needs and special needs of users will guide the design and transformation of the indoor environment of the outpatient department. In extremely stressful indoor environment of the hospital, the conclusion considers meeting the needs of patients and escorts to create an intelligent, flexible, transparent and convenient modern healing environment. Keywords: indoor environment; outpatient department; smart hospital; user needs;
Making the Case for Nature: Trauma Informed Design + Build for Children
* Julie Stevens, Iowa State University, United States
Amy Wagenfeld, Boston University , United States
Chad Kennedy, O'Dell Engineering, Canada
Beloit, a residential treatment facility for children located in Ames, Iowa is a Trauma-Sensitive Care environment whose focus is helping children feel safe while they learn to identify their emotions, and how to communicate with others. The design project related landscape architecture with resilience, social equity, health and well-being, and design innovation. It provided children who have experienced trauma and stress with sensitively designed outdoor spaces to help them alleviate the systemic effects of traumatic adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in a safe and nurturing way. Trauma-informed design is an under-recognized area of practice and scholarship, yet by nature of the challenges the children face, was a focal point of the project. The interdisciplinary university design-build project at Beloit included establishing trauma-informed design principles, creating an evidence-based campus master plan and detailed design for an interior courtyard, and garden installation. The unkempt courtyard was designed for individual and group therapy, for children to regulate their senses, experience resilience, find respite and restoration, move, socialize, and engage in play. Developing trauma-informed design principles was the first phase of the proposed research; to systematically explore the existing evidence on trauma and normal human development and apply them to the focus of the project; children who have and are experiencing trauma. Program development will focus on creating enriching graded opportunities for children to explore nature at their own pace and in their own time. Research will include measuring changes in children’s mood and biomarkers will be measured before and after time spent in the garden. The research team and Beloit staff will collaboratively conduct observation and behavioral mapping of the impact of time spent in and use of the garden on children’s social, communication, and attentional skills, as well as self-regulation and emotional state before and after its installation.