|Friday, June 26|
Exploring the Potential of Green-Certified Office Buildings to Promote Employee Wellbeing
* Jillian Zitars, Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada
Brittany Spadafore, Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada
Bianca Dreyer, Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada
Stephanie Whitney, Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada
Simon Coulombe, Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada
Manuel Riemer, Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada
Joel Marcus, York University, Canada
In addition to their reduced environmental impact, green-certified buildings are thought to provide better work environments for their users. Past research on the human impacts of green buildings has mostly focused on physical health, and limited research has explored the psychological experiences of workers in green buildings, most of it leading to mixed findings (Newsham et al., 2013; Thatcher & Milner, 2012, 2014, 2016). This study aims to examine the person-environment transactions of green buildings’ workers and how it affects their holistic wellbeing. Building on the comprehensive Psycho-environmental Potential Model (Jutras, 2002; Steele, 1973), 22 workers of a green-certified office building in Alberta (Canada) were interviewed using a photovoice (Wang & Burris, 1997) qualitative process focused on their experiences of the physical settings along six functions: 1) security and shelter, 2) social contact regulation, 3) symbolic identification, 4) task instrumentality, 5) pleasure, and 6) growth. Additionally, sustainability was explored in the interview as a seventh hypothetical function of green buildings. While the green building setting examined in this case study overall positively influenced security and shelter, as well as task instrumentality, there was missed potential to fulfill social contact regulation, symbolic identification, pleasure, growth, and sustainability. Biophilic design features, pleasurable art and décor elements, and green building education programs were key features found to be missing in this building, which could have enhanced employee wellbeing. These findings empirically inform the work of designers and architects in creating green building spaces that take advantage of their ecological infrastructure in order to promote flourishing levels of wellbeing among employees. Furthermore, this study suggests the usefulness of using the Psycho-environmental Potential Model, including an additional sustainability function, as a key blueprint for the design and implementation of green-certified office buildings.
Improving intellectual productivity through a tailored office environment - An analysis of the influence of office environments and individual preferences
* Ziye Wang, Ochanomizu University, Japan
Natsuko Nagasawa, Ochanomizu Univ. / Tohoku Univ., Japan
Tai Satoh, Nagoya City University, Japan
Takaya Kojima, Waseda University, Japan
Shin-ichi Tanabe, Waseda University, Japan
Hinano Sukeda, Ochanomizu University, Japan
Ziqing Liu, Ochanomizu University, Japan
Japan is ahead of the rest of the world in terms of declining birth rates and an aging population. With that, its working age population is expected to decrease. For that reason, it is necessary to improve personal performance of workers. In pursuit of a sustainable society, office buildings should be designed not just to improve environmental performance, like in energy efficient buildings, but also to improve health and intellectual productivity; these are pressing issues in both policy-making and business, specifically environmental, social, and governance (ESG) investing. The conventional office design was based on certain standards which limited workers to choose their own best environment. In recent years, however, offices have begun to carve out shared spaces for activity-based working (ABW) where individuals have a choice of different spaces for their activities. Therefore, we investigated whether personal preference for space affects productivity. In this study, we surveyed 2,684 office workers in Japan using a web questionnaire and asked them about their current office environment and personal preferences for office design. Using structural equation modeling (SEM) , we examined the relationships between these variables: environmental factors, ease of intellectual behavior, workplace stress, and intellectual productivity. Office preferences were taken as attributes and analyzed to see if there were any differences in the models. Results showed that the degree and direction of influence from the environment on intellectual productivity changed depending on whether the group preferred open spaces or privacy. Therefore, it is possible to determine environmental factors that affect productivity based on specific attributes. By using such an analysis, we propose a design method where an enhanced environment can be tailored to individual attributes.
Relation between evaluation of workplace quality of life and work environment requirements for caregivers at assisted-living facilities for seniors
* Toahie Koga, Kanto Gakuin University, Japan
Background and objectives Nursing caregivers working in assisted-living facilities for seniors experience high stress levels resulting from heavy emotional (Cooper et al. 2010), intellectual, and physical labor. Thus, the present study examines the relation between environmental requirements and the quality of life (QOL) of workers in assisted-living facilities for seniors. Methods A total of 276 staff members from two corporations responded to a questionnaire distributed between December 2017 and January 2018, which was used to assess the work environment. The main items of the questionnaire consisted of “work environment requirements” (i.e., labor conditions, hours, and conditions of areas used for activities other than work during breaks) and “evaluation of workplace QOL” (i.e., subjective health and a five-point scale evaluation of the sense of attachment to the workplace). Responses regarding work environment requirements were divided into two groups, and the difference in the mean score of the QOL evaluation items of each group was examined. Results and conclusions Intergroup comparisons of work-condition categories indicate a significant difference in QOL evaluation only in nursing jobs. In other words, a difference exists between nursing and non-nursing jobs. The QOL evaluation of nursing jobs revealed that labor conditions exerted a large impact on subjective health under workplace QOL evaluation. Items related to personal use in relation to areas used for activities other than work had a strong impact on attachment. Results show similar trends even though the analysis was conducted separately by corporations. Improvements to such areas for personal use for purposes other than work are an initial prerequisite to improve the quality of the working environment. Approved by the Ethics Committee on Human Research, Kanto Gakuin University (2017.12)
Q & A
Leisure time spent with others improves self-perception of stress and happiness of postgraduate advisors
* Victor Hugo Silva Teixeira, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil
Claudia Roberta de Castro Moreno, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil
The postgraduate programs advisors have atypical conditions in their work routine due to the high institutional demands and the diversity of functions and activities. Hence, their quality of time management is impaired by factors as excessive workload and self-imposed demands. This study aimed to verify if leisure time management is correlated with self-perception of stress and happiness in postgraduate advisors of a state public university in State of São Paulo, Brazil. The sample was composed by 205 advisors who completed the Sociodemographic, Labor and Health Questionnaire (SLHQ) and the Occupational Stress Index (OSI). Of these, 66 advisors (32.2%) filled out for ten consecutive days Daily Activity Protocols (DAP) about time management of sleep, daily activities (feeding, transportation time, and domestic activities), work, work in days off, and leisure time alone or with others. Also, they answered a Visual Analog Scales (VAS) on self-perception of stress, happiness, and quality of leisure time alone, with family, friends, and coworkers. After Pearson’s and Spearman’s correlations tests, the findings were that performing leisure activities with others has a positive moderate correlation with self-perception of happiness (ρ=0.43), and negative weak correlation with self-perception of stress (ρ=-0.26), mainly when the leisure time was performed with family (ρ=0.40). Also there were positive moderate correlations when analyzed leisure time with friends (ρ=0.32). Therefore, the conclusion is leisure time with others improved the self-perception of happiness of advisors and reducing the self-perception of stress. Thus, this study is important for appoint that leisure time with others provides greater mental health and satisfaction about quality of time management of life.
Required functions and environments for future relief facilities
* Yuko Kando, The University of Tokyo, Japan
Yuji Matsuda, The University of Tokyo, Japan
Fumika Washino, The University of Tokyo, Japan
Shintaro Ohno, National Institute of Technology, Toyota College, Japan
Emiko Kameya, National Institute of Technology, Toyota College, Japan
A relief facility, based on the Public Assistance Act enacted in 1950 in Japan, is a welfare facility where those who have difficulty leading their daily lives, due to various factors can live and receive support. There are currently 186 relief facilities conducted in Japan. Initially when these facilities were established, they were considered as accommodations for confining people who lost dwelling spaces mainly because of war. Since then, over 50 years have passed, the characteristics of users have changed, and what is required for the facilities’ environments has also changed. In addition, many present facilities were built 30 to 40 years ago and are facing the time to rebuild. However, few studies have been conducted on the users’ characteristics and the building environment of these facilities. This study aims to consider their future direction of their function and environment. Firstly, a questionnaire survey was conducted. The results show that more than 70% of whole users are over-sixty and the overall percentage of users having mental disorders or multiple disabilities occupies around 60%. Secondly, field surveys were conducted at seven facilities across Japan. In all the facilities surveyed, the aging of users is progressing. However, they provide different approaches in administering appropriate care for each user; relocating aging users to nursing home, helping younger ones live independent lives in the communities, and providing aftercare for people who have moved back to the local society by cooperating with other welfare facilities. Overall, these surveys indicate the following two important roles of future relief facilities; 1. Function as “a circulatory safety net”, which means not only being the temporary shelter for persons without housings but also providing them opportunities to live independently in regional society. 2. Function as a nursing facility for aging users who need physical care.
Using Person-Environment Fit to Advocate for Social Justice: An Exploratory Study to Design Inclusive Campus Spaces for Diverse Students
* Kevin Bonnell, Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada
Simon Coulombe, Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada
Public spaces are often designed using dominant visions and knowledge of what supports the marginalized peoples’ needs (Laws, 1994). As a result, spaces are often oppressive for people from diverse groups; space-related social injustice lacks attention in environmental psychology. In this presentation, we turn to the example of university environments, which are becoming increasingly diverse in terms of students’ identities. In that context, it is essential to consider how the physical design of campuses promotes positive outcomes such as wellbeing, performance and satisfaction (Ostroff & Schulte, 2007). Too often, educational spaces convey messages of racism, homo/transphobia, ableism and other forms of discrimination and trauma. Integrating person-environment fit with community psychology, we argue it is a priority to design campuses in which environmental characteristics match diverse students' needs to promote wellbeing and reduced discrimination. While person-environment fit has been used to examine the congruence between diverse people (racialized and LGBTQ people) and their work environment (Derlan et al., 2013; Velez & Moradi, 2012), it has rarely been applied to their educational environment. We will demonstrate that person-environment fit can serve as a conceptual tool to support social justice. We will illustrate our argument by describing an ongoing exploratory study in Ontario, Canada, using student-engaged research methods to explore how campus spaces influence diverse students’ wellbeing. The study integrates three methods (walking interviews, narratives, photovoice) to gather diverse students’ voices; using multiple angles to better understand the nuances in students’ needs, values, abilities, and how they relate to their environmental experiences. These results will highlight students’ stories of (hindered) wellbeing in relation to campus spaces. By integrating methods to explore person-environment fit, we center the voices of marginalized space-users and ensure their perspectives are considered by policymakers, designers, planners and others involved in the design of public spaces.
Q & A
FORMATION OF IBASHO BY THE USING BEHAVIOR ON BENCHES: A case study of shopping streets in Toyoshikidai housing complex
* Lee Yunjeong, Chugnam National University, Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
Nishide Kazuhiko, The University of Tokyo, Japan
Otsuki Toshio, The University of Tokyo, Japan
Matsuda Yuji, The University of Tokyo, Japan
The survey area, Toyoshikidai Housing Complex in Kashiwa City of Chiba Prefecture was constructed by Urban Regeneration Agency (UR) and was first occupied in 1964. Recently, one out of every three residents of those living in the housing complex was aged 65 or older, raising the issue of aging society. In addition, the problem of dying alone and without immediate assistance (a phenomenon known in Japanese as “solitary death”) has become a concern in this aging society. Since 2009, UR Kashiwa and the University of Tokyo have held a study group and have come to an agreement to plan the urban development of Toyoshikidai Housing Complex based on an elderly society or a long-lived society. It has now been chosen by UR for reconstruction, and the work started in 2004 and is to be completed in phases. There are benches set up on the shopping streets that are located at the center of the housing complex. The benches are widely used by many people. In order to find out the using behavior of benches on the shopping streets of the Toyoshikidai Housing Complex, the non-participation behavioral observation survey and a questionnaire survey from 2009 to 2010. And then, experimental Study in 2014. This research indicated, through a case study of shopping streets in Toyoshikidai housing complex in Kashiwa city, that benches support the various using behaviors, can facilitate formation of Ibasho(a place of one’s own, where one can be oneself).
A Study on the Interior Space Characteristics of Rest space in Korean Duty Free Shops
* Danqiong Liu, Hanyang University, Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
Ting Liu, Hanyang University, Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
Chae Young Woo, Hanyang University, Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
Yeon Sook Hwang, Hanyang University, Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
Shopping is one of the biggest purposes of tourists visiting Korea, and duty free shops are important tourist routes. The tourist demands are getting diversified, and rest space in duty free shops are getting recognized as being just as important, in addition of shopping space. Therefore, this study aimed to provide the direction of creating pleasant and desirable resting environments for the duty free shop consumers, through the environmental analysis of rest space in duty free shops.As for the scope of this study, duty free shops located in Seoul's Myeongdong and Dongdaemun regions, which are the most visited tourists regions for both foreigners and locals, were selected and field studies were conducted for each rest space. Convenience, accessibility, awareness and comfort, which were deducted as analysis elements of rest space, were analyzed for each case and final conclusion was deducted through comparative analysis. Conclusions are as follows. First, among the characteristics of rest space in duty free shops, awareness and comfort were the highest characteristics, followed by convenience and accessibility. Second, the majority of rest space increased the awareness by clearly separating rest spaces from other areas with lighting, color of furnitures and materials. However, location indicators were shown to be the insufficient element. Third, the lack of sofa or chair and the layout of furniture is hard to change so that it is difficult for the people to communicate with each other. Fourth, in regard to comfort, areas nearby the shopping space are vulnerable to noise and visual privacy can be invaded. Therefore, the resting space which is close to the shopping space needs to be equipped with furniture that can adjust the noise or visual privacy.
A Study on the Characteristics of Experience-based Exhibition in Digital Media Exhibition Environment
Ting Liu, Hanyang University, Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
* Sunghyun Moon, Hanyang University, Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
Danqiong Liu, Hanyang University, Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
Yeon Sook Hwang, Hanyang University, Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
Through the development and convergence of various digital media, society is rapidly changing to the era of ‘media convergence’. In the exhibition environment, digital media maximize the realism of the space to induce the curiosity and interest of the viewers and induce active experience. The purpose of this study is to analyze the characteristics of experience using digital media that are currently used in exhibition spaces and to identify ways to maximize the experience effectively. Five exhibition spaces were selected as the scope of the study, which was located in Seoul, the capital of the Republic of Korea, opened after 2010, and planned for digital media mainly. A checklist was prepared through theoretical investigations, and the characteristics of the experiential exhibition environment by space were visited. The characteristics of the experiential exhibition in the digital media exhibition environment were derived as sensory stimulation, interactivity, complexity, and networkability. The results of the field analysis are as follows. The experience-type exhibition characteristics in the digital media exhibition environment appeared in order of sensory stimulation, interaction, complexity, networkability. In particular, the sensory stimulation was very high. In most cases, various colors, lighting, objects, and visual media were used to induce interest through visual, auditory, and tactile stimulation. Interactivity was high, but most of the interaction was touch screen. Various design elements will be required for more active interactions. In the case of complexity, the convergence factor in which various kinds of digital media appeared together was hig. However, complexity, which can simultaneously feel ambiguity such as boundary and non-boundary, visibility and invisibility, is markedly low. Lastly, networkability was the lowest. Visitors could experience the description of the work through the QR code or the app, but the expansion of time and space using the network did not occur at all.
Q & A