|Friday, June 26|
CULTURAL EXCHANGE: AN ANALYSIS ON THE INFLUENCE OF CULTURE ON PEOPLE-ENVIRONMENT RELATIONSHIPS
* Eline Feitosa, Federal University of Sergipe, Brazil
Zenith Delabrida, Federal University of Sergipe, Brazil
The globalization process that began in the Modern Age culminated in the understanding that we share advances and social, cultural, economic and environmental issues at local and global levels. Due to the importance and impacts of globalization, it is essential to carry out research that investigates its effects on the people-environment relationships. The ease of access to the Internet and the emergence of online applications have caused changes in both human interpersonal relationships and interaction with the environment. Considering that globalization is an irreversible process, this research seeks to use tools of current technologies as instruments to analyze the people-environment relationships through the experience of cultural exchange investigating pro-environmental behaviors of high school students. The methodology will be qualitative and quantitative with the use of instruments to measure behaviors and values, as well as the use of the Digital Storytelling (DS) technique, to verify the subjective aspects related to the engagement or not in the environmental issues experienced during the exchange and scales will be applied measuring values, attitudes and habits. Participants will be divided into two groups, A and B, the first will build the SD freely telling the story of the exchange experience and the second will build the SD from the perception of the people-environment relationships, both groups answering the scales before and after the exchange. As a results, it is expected that it will be possible to provide information about the effect of cultural exchanges on the people-environment relationships and, consequently, on the pro-environmental behavior, besides understanding how the use of technological communication tools can facilitate learning and participant engagement in environmental issues.
Is design concept artificial or ecological?
* Hiroki Seki, Tokyo City University, Japan
When we think about the relationship between architecture and environment, there are three types of environmental concepts. One is related to materials, such as stone, wood, and iron, or glass made from multiple minerals. The other is related to the natural environment that includes sound, light, heat, and so on. The third is called the cultural environment or the cultural context, which includes the relationship between the surroundings and the historicity of the site. However, the purpose of this study was to incorporate a fourth environmental concept: the design concept. In general, design concept is considered to be artificial, that is, the opposite of environment. This divide is also the basis for the distinction between the natural environment and the artificial environment. However, discussions from the ecological approach, such as ecological psychology (Gibson, 1979) or anthropology (Ingold, 2011), show the possibility that human thinking can be understood as an ecological activity. Based on the above, this study analyzed two actual architectural design processes performed by professional architects and confirmed the nature of the design concept through material analysis and interview survey. As a result, it was confirmed that each observed concept was not merely an imaginary product of the designer but was related to the potential of the site. Based on this result, the possibility of the fourth environmental concept was examined.
Inuit vernacular and Biomimicry architectures : The Nature link
* Hakim Herbane, Université Laval, Canada
What is the culturally appropriate architecture for Nunavik's Inuit communities that meets both their current needs and the complexity of the northern context? This question was raised by the architectural solutions exported to Nunavik, which often created more than solved issues. Increasing the North's dependence on South models and fossil energy, they led to an exacerbated situation where social, cultural, health, technical, economic and ecological concerns combine. The interrelated and complex nature of the query must be considered as a whole. Indeed, traditional approaches that are based on isolated interventions do not offer satisficing and sustainable responses, because they fail to address the multiple facets shaping the production system of northern architecture in the current complex situation. Among the approaches that capture complexity, Architectural biomimicry which seeks innovative and sustainable solutions by imitating nature's organisms, behaviors and ecosystems seems appropriate for several reasons. It results from the awareness of the Anthropocene nature of western behaviors as it addresses ethical, methodological and technical challenges. Furthermore, the cohabitation of Inuit and nature in Northern climate is based on careful observations and respectful interactions, that appear in their relationship to the environment. By creating solutions that meet their physical and cultural needs for shelter and socialization, Inuit vernacular architecture seems to operate according to comparable strategies with nature. The research aims to understand Inuit knowledge about Northern nature related to their architecture. It also seeks to establish a link between Inuit vernacular and biomimicry architectures to identify a common ground where both systems design better Inuit architectural solutions. It attempts also to answer the following questions: Is there architectural expertise inspired by nature in Inuit culture? An if yes, what is it? The presentation addresses the research problematic through its literature review to set some first tentative answers to these questions
Q & A
The challenges of developing an innovative participatory vision of development: Codesign of the Grande Bibliothèque du Québec public space
* François Racine, Université du Québec à Montréal, Canada
* Priscilla Ananian, Université du Québec à Montréal, Canada
Sinisha Brdar, Université du Québec à Montréal, Canada
The UQAM Service aux collectivités (SAC) connected researchers from the Centre de Recherche sur la Ville (CRV-UQAM) with the Table de concertation du faubourg Saint-Laurent (TCFSL) and the social mediation project manager of Bibliothèque et Archives nationale du Québec (BAnQ) to work on planning issues related to public space in in the center of Montreal (faubourg Saint-Laurent). The objective is to enhance a major public space located behind the Grande Bibliothèque (GB) by ensuring a balance between all users : library staff and users, residents and visitors. The aim of the research is to evaluate how collaborative design projects can define new urban design practices and impact on communities and local governance. During winter of 2019, the partners (TCFSL, SAC, BAnQ, CRV) worked to carry out a codesign exercise to bring together users around a thinktank on the future of this public space and to initiate an ideation process that could influence decision-makers in the redevelopment of the site. A team of 10 persons, representative of GB users, employees and the neighborhood citizens who may use the GB owned public space, worked during four workshops: 1- Setting Expectations , 2 - Defining Needs and Issues, 3 - Defining a Fit-up Vision, 4 - Prototyping the Layout Vision. Within the collective definition of a vision including five urban design principles, the exercise allowed to reconcile the interests of a plurality of participants. It also helped to develop an art of planning with local communities and showed the benefits of research by design. The future actions are to disseminate the exercise and results from the views of the community to generate interest in the redevelopment of the site and to communicate the findings to the BAnQ authorities in order to sensitize decision-makers to a project resulting from a collective bottom-up design process.
Renewal Strategy of Outdoor Public Space in Existing Residential Districts: Lessons from Chengdu
* Chang He, Tongji University, China
The reconstruction of existing residential areas has become an important issue for sustainable urban development and residential construction in China. The problems of the poor living environment and deteriorating amenities in old residential areas result in the difficulty to meet the current residents' demand for quality of the living environment. In order to understand the current status of the construction of public space in existing urban settlements, this study chose several central urban settlements in Chengdu. These projects were constructed several decades ago, and are currently facing multiple challenges while trying to meet the diverse needs of the current residents. Through surveys of residents' daily life behaviors, active content, and satisfaction surveys of public space use, the problems in the use process are collected and factor analysis is used. Using the factor analysis method to quantify the necessity of the transformation of different environmental elements, we propose an outdoor environment transformation strategy to promote the sustainable development of existing settlements. The survey found that the problems of outdoor public space in existing settlements are mainly manifested as the lack of public activity facilities, green spaces, and no maintenance, few parking spaces, and serious road occupation. Based on this, a strategy is proposed: three-dimensional parking to solve the difficulty of parking in old neighborhoods; establishment of corresponding property organizations to be responsible for subsequent residential management and strengthening of public participation in the establishment of community activity rooms, etc. This article, through research on the investigation and update strategy of outdoor public space in existing settlements, provides a survey basis for the future environmental renovation of urban centers and provides a reference for the sustainable development of urban settlements. Keywords: living environment,existing residential districts,outdoor public space,update strategy
A Research on How Designed Teaching Methods Affect Learning Behaviors of Digital Natives: A Case Study on Freshman Architecture Students
* Ting-Ting Cheng, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan (Republic of China)
Li-wen Sung, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan (Republic of China)
Targeting at the first-year architecture students in the university as the research object, this research not only observes the long-term teaching processes and changes in the courses and the situations on the teaching site, but also records the expressions of the professors on the evaluation field and the students’ responses, including interviews with teachers and students. These students are so-called “digital natives”, and the learning environments that they face are called "virtual environments", including the Internet and digital design software. It is found in this research that the current teachers are digital immigrants, their values and thinking logic are completely different from those of the digital natives. In other words, educators need to try to find from past teaching theories their own suitable coordination methods, which may not be applicable to all the teaching scenes but can serve as a basis for continuous development to bring out more possibilities from the dialogues between the two generations. As the author believes that the teaching methods of designed education can be generalized as a teaching strategy, which may be applied to some disciplines in Taiwan's elementary schools and high schools in the future to enhance students' thinking skills, creativity and resilience to environmental changes so as to make teaching more flexible. In this research, the author, acting as a teaching assistant who has closely observed the freshman in the basic architectural design courses for the past three years, would like to organize her observations and continue to follow the class to truly understand how the designed teaching methods would work in the era of virtual learning environments and affect the learners’ behaviors and how the teachers should adjust their teaching methods, in a hope to develop more appropriate designed teaching methods for the next generation.
Q & A
Feelings: And other slippery intangibles...
* Lucinda Havenhand, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, United States
Raymund Konigk, University of Lincoln, United States
Despite their pedagogic difficulty, emotions are at the core of human experience. If design has agency, and if designs really work we should speculate that emotions must be at play in them. “Liking” a built space is most certainly as critical to its success as its functional aspects. Fond remembrances, joyful experiences, delight, comfort, peace of mind, happiness and even sadness are all emotions which bring us back to spaces to use them again and again. In addition we as designers and researchers experience emotional states as we deal with critical problems. The idea presented by this conference of “running out of time” expresses the state of anxiety we feel about this specific time period and is perhaps the most important motivator of action, yet is not openly mentioned as such. Consideration of emotions as important in the study of build environments and human interaction is not yet widely in our tool-kit or discursive language. This presentation asks how we might best recognize and harness efforts given critical energy from emotions and feelings. It proposes that a critical investigation of emotions, as a fundamental component of human experience should be allow us to design with greater agency, contribute to better solutions to design problems and create more effective relationships between people and built spaces. This flash presentation will relate the recent considerations this author has been giving to the elevation, recognition and development of ways to use and consider our “feelings” as an aspect of solving current and future problems through design. I hope to create an awareness and as well as spark a serious consideration of emotions as an essential part of trying to increase not only the pace but the effectiveness of improving the quality of people’s live and healing the planet.
Time, Uncertainty, Fashion, and Changing Perceptions
Ian Ellingham, Cambridge Architectural Research, United Kingdom
* John Raimondo, Raimondo and Associates, Canada
William Fawcett, Cambridge Architectural Research, United Kingdom
This poster will summarize past work by the project proponents, together with planned future directions. The basis of the work was a project, funded by the British government, into making sustainable decisions with a special emphasis on the temporal effects on buildings over longer periods of time. The funding required extensive fieldwork and co-operation with industry practitioners, and it noted some curious decisions being made by some experienced architects and managers. Investigation followed, and the findings stimulated thought around how complex decisions in the built environment should reflect intertwined elements of time and uncertainty. This led to substantial British and European government funding, books, and articles. Activities to date have been based on available statistics, combined with interviews and surveys with participants in the building industry well as users. Specific cases with multivariate decisions with alternative futures have been examined, and mathematically modelled and simulated. While there is an extensive management literature on complex decision-making, only limited amounts relates to long life assets, especially with regard to how humans interact with buildings over long periods of time. The proponents' poster will summarize these two strands of work and suggest how future research can tie together time, changing perceptions, fashion and the multiple uncertainties that face buildings over time. The intent is to use the display poster to stimulate discussion, test propositions and collect ideas. This work is important, because the proponents have been working in both managerial decision-making and human response to the built environment, and moving towards better integration of the areas. This will help to connect academic knowledge about human behaviour to practicalities faced by industry decision-makers, and stimulate other researchers in their explorations. It will also contribute to the growing interest and dialogue on studies on the built environment and its impact on human response and behaviour.
Future of Architecture: Flexibility as the Key Concept
* Halleh Nejadriahi, OCAD University, Canada
Nowadays, the world is changing rapidly, and there is a need to be prepared for this wave of transformation. Architecture as one of the multi-dimensional disciplines needs to adapt itself to this changing condition. In this dynamic period, a successful design needs to consider that circumstances might change, such as changes in users' needs, culture and context. Therefore, it is very essential for architects to ensure that their design has certain level of flexibility in order to adapt itself and respond to these changes, or else, their buildings might end up being outdated. Obviously, it is not possible to respond to all the future changes, however is beneficial to realize the potential future needs at early stages of the design process, to determine the flexibility objectives, and subsequently, to develop and apply certain strategies that are in accordance to the project's requirements, and would meet the users' needs. There are different types of flexibility based on the scale and level of changes, and, variety of strategies might be applied in a building to achieve flexibility; sometimes it can be achieved through movable elements, such as partitions, or in a larger scale, through changeable rooms that can change their size, orientation, etc., and sometimes by creating multi-functional spaces and open plan concepts. This paper aims to study on the concept of flexibility in a number of contemporary buildings as case studies, and explore how flexibility have been achieved in these buildings and clarify its role in responding to the users' needs under different circumstances. This study may add some values in creation of more flexible building designs in the future that can adapt themselves to evolving needs of users and respond easily to a variety of potential changes during their lifetime.
Q & A